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ANNEX A - Group Research Proposal

Group Project Proposal (Science)
SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, SINGAPORE
INVESTIGATIVE SKILLS IN SCIENCE
Names: Joel Gan (L), Kaung Sitt Thway, Tan Gui Lu
Class: S2-06
Group Reference: A / B / C / D / E / F / G / H   

1.    Indicate the type of research that you are adopting:

[   X   ] Test a hypothesis: Hypothesis-driven research
e.g. Investigation of the antibacterial effect of chrysanthemum

[ ] Measure a value: Experimental research (I)
e.g. Determination of the mass of Jupiter using planetary photography

[  ] Measure a function or relationship: Experimental research (II)
e.g. Investigation of the effect of temperature on the growth of crystals

[ ] Construct a model: Theoretical sciences and applied mathematics
e.g. Modeling of the cooling curve of naphthalene

[ ] Observational and exploratory research
e.g. Investigation of the soil quality in School of Science and Technology, Singapore  

[ ] Improve a product or process: Industrial and applied research
e.g. Development of a SMART and GREEN energy system for households  





2.    Write a Research Proposal of your interested topic in the following format:

An investigation to find out what combination of Plant Base and water would allow a green bean plant to grow best in.

A.    Question being addressed

A group of students wanted to find out what the best combination of Water and Plant Base will help in the growth of the green bean plant thus allowing farmers to have more efficient agriculture and thus would yield greater amounts of harvest.

The independent variable(s):
  • Type of Water
  • Tap Water
  • Boiled Water
  • Saltwater
  • Carbonated Water
  • Distilled Water
  • Rain Water

  • Type of Plant Base
  • Soil
  • Sand
  • Clay
  • Polymer Balls
  • Cloth
  • Pebbles

The dependent variables:
Height of the Plant, Size of the Plant

The constants are:
  • Size of cup
  • Amount of sunlight exposed to plants
  • Type of plant (Green Bean plant)
  • Amount of Water given to plant
  • Amount of Plant Base given to plant
  • Position of the Plant

B.    Hypothesis

Rainwater and normal soil would be the best combination
Why did we come out with this hypothesis:We think this way is because both Soil and Rainwater is natural to the environment and very suitable for plant growth.

C.    Description in detail of method or procedures

Equipment list:
  1. 72 Identical Green Beans
  2. 6 Syringes
  3. 36 Identical plastic cups (Use as pots)
  4. 6 Different kinds of plant base(sand, Soil, cloth, pebble, Polymer Balls, Clay)
  5. 6 Different kinds of water(Tap water, rain water, salt water, carbonated water, boiled water, Distilled water.)
  6. 6 Bottles of listed water

• Procedures:
  1. Fill 6 cups with Soil
  2. Fill 6 cups with Sand
  3. Fill 6 cups with Polymer balls
  4. Fill 6 cups with Cloth
  5. Fill 6 cups with Pebble
  6. Fill 6 cups with Clay
  7. Dig hole in each cup about 1 cm deep
  8. Place 2 germinated seeds without cotton wool into hole
  9. Bury the seed
  10. Damp each kind of soil with Tap Water
  11. Damp each kind of soil with Boiled Water
  12. Damp each kind of soil with Carbonated Water
  13. Damp each kind of soil with Salt Water
  14. Damp each kind of soil with Rain Water
  15. Damp each kind of soil with Distilled Water
  16. Use ruler to measure daily progress
  17. Collect the data and tabulate it
  18. Compare the data
  19. See which is the fastest growing green bean plant

• Risk and Safety: Identify any potential risks and safety precautions to be taken.

Risks:
As we will be boiling water it is advised to use with caution and with adult supervision

Diagram:



Bibliography:
Glossary of terms in soil science. (1976). Ottawa: Research Branch, Canada Dept. of Agriculture.

"Cloth". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2012-05-25.
Guggenheim, Stephen; Martin, R. T. (1995), "Definition of clay and clay mineral: Journal report of the AIPEA nomenclature and CMS nomenclature committees", Clays and Clay Minerals 43(2): 255–256, Bibcode:1995CCM....43..255G, doi:10.1346/CCMN.1995.0430213
Types Of Water. (n.d.). Retrieved January 13, 2015, from http://besttoddlertoys.eu/tag/types-of-water
FreshlySqueezedWater"What's in Your Drinking Water?" Tap Water Content. Accessed January 13, 2015. http://freshlysqueezedwater.org.uk/waterarticle_watercontent.php.
Composition of seawater. (n.d.). Retrieved January 13, 2015, from http://www.seafriends.org.nz/oceano/seawater.htm
Hong, Jason. "To Boil or Not to Boil." - Water. February 2, 2009. Accessed January 13, 2015. http://ask.metafilter.com/113230/To-boil-or-not-to-boil.
What is in Seawater? (n.d.). Retrieved January 13, 2015, from http://people.chem.duke.edu/~jds/cruise_chem/oceans/seawater1.html







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